What is an Amphipod?

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What is an Amphipod? On AquariumDepot, you can buy 1000 of them for 19.99. They make great little fish or coral food. For controlled environments, amphipods can add variety to fish tanks and aquariums. They can help with the clean up process in the tank by cleaning up the excess debris, plant, or algae or they can make great food for the fish population.

Fish tank and aquarium owners may welcome these bottom feeders with open arms and they can be of great benefit to any tank. With careful planning and management, these crustaceans can be a benefit to the environment. The big problem with these little fish is that if they are not enough fish to feed on them they can overpopulate. Directions need to be followed. Add about 1/2 the bag per 25 gallons and make there is enough fish in the tank.

At AquariumDepot, they sell a mixture of amphipods and copepods. These both function the same way, and there is no way to differentiate between the two of them. Amphipods are larger than copepods, because they can be seen at a distance. This mixture can be a great addition to any tank if directions are followed.

Devoted Ichthyologist Michele Frazier Studies in Depth How Schools of Fish Communicate

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Michele Frazier studying schools of fish

Michele Frazier studying schools of fishAs we study fish and the lifestyle fish have, we begin to understand more closely that fish work together in the same ways that people do. It’s truly fascinating to watch a school of fish defend from the attacks of a predator. When a school of fish spots a predator, the entire school, sometimes consisting of 500 or more fish, react simultaneously by either sticking closer together to appear as a larger animal or by changing up their swimming pattern and allowing their colors to confuse the threat.

Michele Frazier, an ichthyologist who has been studying fish and their behavior, believes that fish could be something we could all learn from to strengthen our own communities in a world of chaos. “If you look at how a school of fish moves together you have to ask yourself, ‘how did they know to do that?’ Is it instinct? Is there communication between them? How would they communicate so quickly to so many other fish?” says Michele Frazier. “I believe learning this would open up many new methods and even technology to communicate with entire communities.”

On Establishing an Unbroken Food Chain Within Saltwater Reef Aquariums

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downloadEven the most experienced of aquarists are not immune to the difficulty of establishing a balance within a saltwater reef tank in a manner in which all tank members are able to absolutely thrive while nuisance algae is simultaneously kept at bay. Though it seems to be a vexing and complicated issue, the fact of the matter is that it is easily addressed with relatively minimal effort. Dr. Sid Solomon has compared this issue to one he experiences often in dentistry when patients have gaps in the dental care they receive that ultimately lead to more problematic issues developing in the future.

In fact, all that is necessary is to use a fairly standard ratio based on the number of gallons within the tank to determine the appropriate balance of tank inhabitants while ensuring diversity in terms of the size and activity levels of the inhabitants. Doing this makes it possible for the enclosed ecosystem within the tank to function in an optimal fashion since each inhabitant has its role to play and prevents waste from lingering in the tank and contributing to difficult and frustrating issues like widespread algae growth.

For saltwater tank enthusiasts, this means that there must be a focus on developing a food chain from top to bottom. It also means that aquarists have to adopt a broader focus when selecting new additions to their tank by considering how any addition will affect the current composition of the existing food chain.

Investors Underground: Observing Filter-Feeder Fish Inspires New Conical Filter Design

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goldfish-537832_960_720The sheer enormity of inventions that have been clearly inspired by nature tends to demonstrate that there is a great deal to be learned from a deep commitment to observation and application. With the invention of a new conical filter based on the mouth of a paddlefish, a filter-feeder fish, there is yet another example of how a serious approach to education, observation and application can yield tremendous benefits.

As Investors Underground would likely point out, aspiring inventors are not the only ones who should make such a continuing commitment to education, observation and application, as many members of the day trading community established by the company have achieved exceptional results in investing by following a similar approach.

Of course, it’s important to clarify that these day traders are not applying marine observations to an investment strategy. Through educational programs set up by Investors Underground and a forum in which members are able to observe fellow day traders at work in real time, an improved day trading approach can be developed in relatively short order and then be applied to a greater degree of success.


In Review: A Detailed Analysis of Investors Underground

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For the purpose of this Investors Underground review, I purchased a month-long subscription (“IU Elite”) at a cost of $297. This day trading community offers other options that are more cost-effective (for example, the same “IU Elite” package is reduced to a price of $158 per month when purchased annually), but my intent was merely to gain some insight into the operations of Investors Underground in order to provide a fair analysis of the programs and services offered to day traders who invest in a subscription.

This review will analyze the benefits touted by Investors Underground as creating a significant edge in day trading, including each of the following components:

• Support available to subscribers through access to team members and moderators

• Educational courses, video lessons and other informational resources

• Daily watch lists and associated investment strategies

• Day trading chat rooms


Investors Underground’s Youtube page

As an experienced trader who has utilized a number of different approaches (trading equities, swing trading, shorting extended charts and parabolic moves, penny stocks, etc.), I believe that I can provide a fair and accurate assessment of Investors Underground after a single-month subscription. However, I would caution less experienced traders against evaluating the services in this way without first undergoing some level of formal training or at least taking advantage of one of the educational courses the company offers. The learning curve can be steep without this kind of preparation, so newcomers should make a point to perform their due diligence with regard to educating themselves.

An Overview of the Services Provided to Subscription Holders

As I noted, I purchased the “IU Elite” package, which provided me with the following services during my month-long subscription:

• Bi-monthly webinars

• InvestorsLive scans

• Momentum Chat access

• OTC Chat access

• Swing Chat access

• Video lesson library access

• Weekly recap video lessons

The other option, “IU Standard,” is also available on a monthly or annual basis and includes each of the features listed above with the exception of the access to the video lesson library and the weekly recap video lessons.

If I were to continue my subscription I would likely choose the “IU Elite” option on an annual basis, especially since I found the video lessons and weekly recaps to be quite enlightening for a variety of reasons. There were a few occasions in which the information included in the weekly recaps proved to be quite valuable in the weeks that followed, and the lesson library covered a wide range of topics that were of interest to me.

Team Members, Moderators and the Support Available to Subscribers


Michele – Swing Chat Moderator


Nathan – Momentum Chat Moderator

I’m not sure of the exact number of members who subscribe to Investors Underground, but I believe it is in the thousands just by judging from the activity in the chat rooms each day. These chat rooms are moderated by team members from Investors Underground, and each team member seems to bring a unique area of expertise or trading style to the chat rooms. I was impressed with Nathan’s insights regarding inflection and exhaustion points, and I found myself digging through the blog archives after discussing swing trades with Michele. On the whole, I found the team members to be extremely knowledgeable and felt that the advice they provided was consistently effective in generating exceptional investment outcomes.

Educational Resources on Day Trading

For those looking for more detailed and in-depth information, the educational courses are certainly the way to go.

Investors Underground offers a variety of educational resources, some of which are freely available to anyone who wishes to read them at any time. There are also free video lessons that can be accessed through the Investors Underground website, and these lessons represent an excellent way to gain some insight into the strategies used in day trading through this community.

For those looking for more detailed and in-depth information, the educational courses are certainly the way to go. As of this writing, Investors Underground offered two different courses at costs that have been dramatically reduced from the normal rate. “Textbook Trading” and “Tandem Trader” provide over 20 hours of practical information in total and can be purchased together for $1,097. While I cannot claim to have taken either course, I did discuss the contents of each one with several members who did, and every member expressed clear gratitude for having purchased the course.

Daily Watch Lists and Strategic Planning

I have never been an investor who is willing to simply apply someone’s advice based on nothing more than their reputation, so I was indeed impressed with the fact that the daily watch lists included a detailed explanation regarding the proposed strategy for that day. The watch lists therefore do more than simply identify the ideal stocks to trade each day, with members also benefiting from understanding the rationale behind each selection along with the reason why a particular strategy ought to be profitable on the day in question.

Day Trading Chat Rooms

In addition to the watch lists provided to subscribers, Investors Underground also offers access to day trading chat rooms in which members are able to communicate with each other in real time while also having access to the expertise of the moderators. During my month-long subscription, I never once saw any irrelevant chatter and had all of my private messages to moderators addressed in a very timely fashion.

With real-time alerts and continually updating charts, I felt that I was armed with all of the information necessary to enjoy a successful day of trading. I also noticed that members and moderators were always willing to help less experienced members achieve success, and I observed quite a few interactions in which a more experienced member or moderator acted as a mentor to a newer member.

In Summation: A Final Overview of Investors Underground

I feel entirely comfortable recommending a subscription to anyone interested in day trading.

While I only had a month’s worth of experience with Investors Underground, I was impressed with the services to such a degree that I feel entirely comfortable recommending a subscription to anyone interested in day trading. As an experienced trader, I certainly benefited from subscribing with Investors Underground and could easily see that the day trading community was incredibly welcoming and helpful to new traders as well.

1 Stop Maintenance Reviews Aquarium Depot

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Who doesn’t enjoy a good trip to a large aquarium to see the underwater marine life through the glass? These giant underwater exhibits are what encourage most people to begin their own aquarium projects at home and Aquarium Depot has always been the answer to providing quality fish food and healthy fish that are fit for your home aquarium.

Due to the recent amount of reviews seen about Aquarium Depot, 1 Stop Maintenance, the news and review group, has spoken up about their own experience with Aquarium Depot and their review report is nothing short of pure accuracy. According to 1 Stop Maintenance, the merchant possesses a plethora of colorful, tropical fish and other underwater life to complete your salt or freshwater aquariums. Everything your can think of including but not limited to fish, fish food, medication aquariums and aquarium models, such as rocks, plants and ships to give the aquarium a more attractive theme appearance.

1 Stop Maintenance has also helped improve business for Aquarium Depot through their accurate and highly referenced reviews. “It’s an honor to be reviewed by 1 Stop Maintenance,” said Aquarium Depot spokesperson. “1 Stop Maintenance has a high reputation for delivering accurate, unbiased reviews to the public. A great deal of people look to 1 Stop Maintenance for advice before they bother spending their money.”

The news and review group, along with being what some may call “a handful of tough critics”, are also willing to give constructive criticism to help businesses do better because the folks at 1 Stop Maintenance want to see success. It’s true, no one wants to give their business to a business that is going under the water (pun intended) and the good news for Aquarium Depot that they will not be needing that little bit of extra assistance!

Stuart Lyall Travel Expert, Australian Native

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Stuart Lyall Shark Australia

Stuart Lyall, as featured in a recent interview, discussed (at length) his thoughts on international travel, specifically his favorite locales including Singapore.

AP: There are many different Stuart Lyall’s, what makes you special?

Stuart: (Laughing) I don’t know what exactly makes me “special”, but I’m confident my mother would say “everything”.Stuart Lyall

AP: Seriously though, what makes you different that say, this track star Stuart Lyall?

Lyall: Perhaps comically, that is me! Here is a picture to prove it. Just kidding, but funny picture right? I see you’re trying to ask what sets me apart and I’m happy to answer. I love to travel. My job with Travelmarvel allows me to talk about travel, actually travel and many other things related to travel. It’s what I love and I love getting to do it!

AP: In your previous interview you talked about your favorite places to travel. Outside of Australia, what is the worst place you’ve ever been?

Lyall: Australia isn’t bad! Often, you Americans have this idea that it’s dangerous…

Stuart Lyall Shark AustraliaAP: (Interrupting) You have like a million things that can kill you in Australia, not counting people. Crocodiles, spiders, scorpions, sharks, etc. Look, I just found this picture of a shark. I’m sure it’s real…

Lyall: Totally real…can’t imagine anything else. Anyway, Australia is great. The worst place I have ever been is probably a small village outside of Jakarta, Indonesia. I don’t recall the name of the city/village but it took us about 10 hours by car to get there. There was so much traffic, an accident, and a flat tire. I don’t remember much about the visit because a two day trip ended up being about 20 hours. I remember sleeping and then leaving. I guess the village itself might not have been so bad, but my memory of getting there surely was!

AP: Anything else you want to share?

Stuart Lyall: Anytime you’re looking to visit Australia, I’ll keep you safe!

Thanks to Stuart Lyall for taking the time to answer a few questions!

Setting Up a Saltwater Fish Tank As a Strategy for Sparking an Interest in Learning

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Most of us are naturally curious about the world as it exists around us, yet it is too often the case that we seem afraid to appease that curiosity by asking questions of those who might know better than ourselves. Whether this is out of a fear of asking a question about some commonly known fact or out of embarrassment for having to defer to someone else’s intelligence, this is simply a silly thing to do and only stifles future learning opportunities. Questions should be asked often and without hesitation, as most people perceive questioning as a sign of intelligence rather than weakness. Those in a position to answer questions should consider how visual cues such as a saltwater tank can spark conversation and provoke questions.

Over time, it seems that we feel less and less comfortable with asking questions of others for our own edification. The best way to avoid this circumstance is to ensure that any question asked is received in a way that makes the questioner feel good about posing their query. To accomplish this, many parents and teachers have taken to utilizing visual cues that lead to natural questions, and a saltwater fish tank is regarded as an excellent way to encourage precocity in kids approaching school age or who have just begun their formal schooling.

Clearly there are other visual cues that can be used as well, as heating contractors in Phoenix may find it particularly effective to place cross-sections of model heating systems throughout the lobby of their offices so that clients feel more comfortable asking questions about the manner in which their systems function. For the purposes of stimulating an interest in marine biology, however, there are few better options than a saltwater tank. Parents and teachers who set up a saltwater tank will likely find that there will be countless questions asked of them on an incredibly broad range of relevant subjects, but the manner in which parents and teachers respond to these questions is absolutely critical for encouraging long-term academic curiosity.

Though this is very much open for debate, it appears that many people learn that too many questions can become something of an irritant. For kids, it is hard to understand that a parent or teacher’s frustrated reaction to a particular question is not the sole result of the question or the questioner, as there are likely to be countless exterior stressors that are affecting their reaction in that moment. Perhaps the teacher is concerned that any more questions will cause them to fall behind on the lesson plan, or maybe the parent just remembered that the electric bill is past due, so it was merely the timing of the question that caused the frustrated response.

From an adult perspective, this is understandable. From a child’s perspective, however, it may reinforce a belief that questions in general should only be asked when absolutely necessary and not when something has merely piqued their curiosity. It is therefore the case that any question posed should be treated with great care and is deserving of a thoughtful and informed response. Perhaps the best teaching moment is when a child asks a parent about the saltwater tank and finds that their parent does not know the answer. If the parent takes the time to show their child how to find the answer and does the research alongside their child, then the child will see the value of asking questions and will go on to develop a lifelong love of learning.

Of course, a saltwater fish tank is so much more than an educational tool. It is a source of entertainment and joy for all of those who share in the responsibility of caring for the tank, and there are many other reasons why setting up a saltwater tank in a home or school is an excellent idea. In terms of stimulating an interest in education and marine biology in particular, the saltwater tank can be a great way to start an interesting conversation that benefits everyone who happens to be involved.

Murziline Parchment Reflects on Importance of Tank Composition

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Fish tank enthusiasts should have taken note of the highly focused organizational strategies necessary to create an efficiently functioning marine environment long before attempting to create a home for marine life. Since many high-ranking executives are quite fond of keeping tanks in their home and their office, it is fairly common to hear tank enthusiasts cite some of the organizational strategies used by Fortune 500 companies when discussing the best ways to compose an aquarium from the ground up. Though it may seem like a strange comparison, there are indeed a number of helpful similarities that marine life enthusiasts have been able to apply to their tanks with great success.

When the comparison was brought up to Murziline Parchment, the initial reaction was one of surprise. Upon considering some of the similarities and the lessons that could potentially be drawn from those similarities, she agreed that there are indeed many organizational and compositional aspects that could prove particularly instructive in a manner that significantly benefits both new and experienced fish tank enthusiasts. From the importance of maintaining the ideal marine environment to the countless considerations that go into the careful selection of the fish that will ultimately inhabit that environment, tank enthusiasts may already be unknowingly engaging in practices that are quite similar to those favored by the most successful corporate professionals.

According to Murziline Parchment, any successful tank enthusiast must have a clear understanding of the roles played by each individual tank inhabitant. There are countless issues that can arise when a tank is composed of incompatible marine life, which is highly problematic for an incredibly wide range of reasons. Given that poorly thought-out choices can create dangerous circumstances for tank inhabitants, it is particularly important for tank composition to always be a primary consideration.

Like executives in charge of human resources in the corporate world, fish tank enthusiasts also must understand that the marine life they select has to be capable of performing varied tasks within the tank while also easily cohabiting with the other tank members. Obviously, a business has a more complex level of responsibility with regard to training employees and clearly defining expectations, but it is still the case that business executives, like tank enthusiasts, must thoughtfully consider chemistry when evaluating potential employees to become a part of their corporate culture. When a tank enthusiast is attentive to the tank’s composition in terms of the potential interactions among its many marine inhabitants, the amount of time needed for routine maintenance can be greatly reduced.

Of course, fish tank enthusiasts should also be well aware of the importance of maintaining a consistent environment within the tank if the marine life is going to thrive for a long period of time. Even the most exotic tropical fish or the most durable saltwater crustacean will perish if a tank owner does not regulate the various environmental factors like the pH and water temperature, so there must be consistent vigilance in testing and maintaining the ideal environmental conditions if the members of the tank are going to be able to thrive over a long period of time.

Fish tank experts like Murziline Parchment understand the many complicated and varied factors that play a role in the success of any enclosed marine environment. With this understanding, the most successful tank owners pay close attention to these factors on a regular basis and take a variety of steps to ensure that these factors only result in positive circumstances for the tank and its inhabitants. It is in this way that a carefully cultivated marine environment featuring compatible tank inhabitants and consistently maintained conditions can lead to an impressive display worthy of being showcased in any home or office.

Ralph Slaske Breaks Down Einstein’s Quote

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Fish come in many shapes and sizes with absolutely outstanding abilities. Take the tiger fish for example which has the ability to snatch birds straight out of the air! The black swallower fish is able to swallow live fish that are twice their own length with the help of their jaw mechanics and a unique designed stomach.

Ralph Slaske has been intrigued by these amazing creatures of the deep and has done research on their abilities and lifestyle patterns since 1994. “Einstein’s quote of ‘if you judge a fish by it’s ability to climb a tree, it will think it’s stupid’ suddenly makes sense to me,” said fish wanderer Slaske. “The Mudskipper fish is the only fish that can climb trees. He was saying not to compare people to others.”

As for new findings, Mr. Slaske hasn’t discovered anything new about fish that we don’t already know, but the simple leisure activity of watching, studying and experimenting with different fish and their skills brings joy to curious enthusiast.